Eye disease

This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.

The World Health Organization publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries, the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, or ICD-10. This list uses that classification.

H00-H06 Disorders of eyelid, lacrimal system and orbit

  • (H02.1) Ectropion
  • (H02.2) Lagophthalmos
  • (H02.3) Blepharochalasis
  • (H02.4) Ptosis
  • (H02.6) Xanthelasma of eyelid
  • (H03.0*) Parasitic infestation of eyelid in diseases classified elsewhere
    • Dermatitis of eyelid due to Demodex species ( B88.0+ )
    • Parasitic infestation of eyelid in:
      • leishmaniasis ( B55.-+ )
      • loiasis ( B74.3+ )
      • onchocerciasis ( B73+ )
      • phthiriasis ( B85.3+ )
  • (H03.1*) Involvement of eyelid in other infectious diseases classified elsewhere
    • Involvement of eyelid in:
      • herpesviral (herpes simplex) infection ( B00.5+ )
      • leprosy ( A30.-+ )
      • molluscum contagiosum ( B08.1+ )
      • tuberculosis ( A18.4+ )
      • yaws ( A66.-+ )
      • zoster ( B02.3+ )
  • (H03.8*) Involvement of eyelid in other diseases classified elsewhere
    • Involvement of eyelid in impetigo ( L01.0+ )
  • (H04.0) Dacryoadenitis
  • (H04.2) Epiphora
  • (H06.2*) Dysthyroid exophthalmos it is shown that if your eye comes out that it will shrink because the optic fluids drain out

H10-H13 Disorders of Conjuctiva

  • (H10.0) Conjunctivitis - inflammation of the conjunctiva commonly due to an infection or an allergic reaction

H15-H22 Disorders of sclera, cornea, iris and ciliary body

  • (H15.0) Scleritis â€" a painful inflammation of the sclera
  • (H16) Keratitis â€" inflammation of the cornea
  • (H16.0) Corneal ulcer / Corneal abrasion â€" loss of the surface epithelial layer of the eye's cornea
  • (H16.1) Snow blindness / Arc eye â€" a painful condition caused by exposure of unprotected eyes to bright light
  • (H16.1) Thygeson's superficial punctate keratopathy
  • (H16.4) Corneal neovascularization
  • (H18.5) Fuchs' dystrophy â€" cloudy morning vision
  • (H18.6) Keratoconus â€" degenerative disease: the cornea thins and changes shape to be more like a cone than a parabole
  • (H19.3) Keratoconjunctivitis sicca â€" dry eyes
  • (H20.0) Iritis â€" inflammation of the iris
  • (H20.0, H44.1) Uveitis â€" inflammatory process involving the interior of the eye; Sympathetic ophthalmia is a subset.

H25-H28 Disorders of lens

  • (H25-H26) Cataract â€" the lens becomes opaque

H30-H36 Disorders of choroid and retina

H30 Chorioretinal inflammation

(H30) Chorioretinal inflammation

  • (H30.0) Focal chorioretinal inflammation
    • Focal:
      • chorioretinitis
      • choroiditis
      • retinitis
      • retinochoroiditis
  • (H30.1) Disseminated chorioretinal inflammation
    • Disseminated:
      • chorioretinitis
      • choroiditis
      • retinitis
      • retinochoroiditis
  • Excludes: exudative retinopathy (H35.0)
  • (H30.2) Posterior cyclitis
    • Pars planitis
  • (H30.8) Other chorioretinal inflammations
    • Harada's disease
  • (H30.9) Chorioretinal inflammation, unspecified
    • Chorioretinitis
    • Choroiditis
    • Retinitis
    • Retinochoroiditis

H31 Other disorders of choroid

(H31) Other disorders of choroid

  • (H31.0) Chorioretinal scars
    • Macula scars of posterior pole (postinflammatory) (post-traumatic)
    • Solar retinopathy
  • (H31.1) Choroidal degeneration
    • Atrophy
    • Sclerosis
      • Excludes: angioid streaks (H35.3)
  • (H31.2) Hereditary choroidal dystrophy
    • Choroideremia
    • Dystrophy, choroidal (central areolar) (generalized) (peripapillary)
    • Gyrate atrophy, choroid
      • Excludes: ornithinaemia ( E72.4 )
  • (H31.3) Choroidal haemorrhage and rupture
    • Choroidal haemorrhage:
      • NOS (Not Otherwise Specified)
      • expulsive
  • (H31.4) Choroidal detachment
  • (H31.8) Other specified disordes of choroid
  • (H31.9) Disorder of choroid, unspecified

H32 Chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

(H32) Chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

  • (H32.0) Chorioretinal inflammation in infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere
    • Chorioretinitis:
      • syphilitic, late ( A52.7+ )
      • toxoplasma ( B58.0+ )
      • tuberculous ( A18.5+ )
  • (H32.8) Other chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

H33 Retinal detachments and breaks

  • (H33) Retinal detachment â€" the retina detaches from the choroid, leading to blurred and distorted vision
  • (H33.1) Retinoschisis â€" the retina separates into several layers and may detach

H34 Retinal vascular occlusions

H35 Other retinal disorders

  • (H35.0) Hypertensive retinopathy â€" burst blood vessels, due to long-term high blood pressure
    • (H35.0/E10-E14) Diabetic retinopathy â€" damage to the retina caused by complications of diabetes mellitus, which could eventually lead to blindness
  • (H35.0-H35.2) Retinopathy â€" general term referring to non-inflammatory damage to the retina
  • (H35.1) Retinopathy of prematurity â€" scarring and retinal detachment in premature babies
  • (H35.3) Age-related macular degeneration â€" the photosensitive cells in the macula malfunction and over time cease to work
  • (H35.3) Macular degeneration â€" loss of central vision, due to macular degeneration
    • Bull's Eye Maculopathy
  • (H35.3) Epiretinal membrane â€" a transparent layer forms and tightens over the retina
  • (H35.4) Peripheral retinal degeneration
  • (H35.5) Hereditary retinal dystrophy
  • (H35.5) Retinitis pigmentosa â€" genetic disorder; tunnel vision preceded by night-blindness
  • (H35.6) Retinal haemorrhage
  • (H35.7) Separation of retinal layers
    • Central serous retinopathy
    • Retinal detachment: Detachment of retinal pigment epithelium
  • (H35.8) Other specified retinal disorders
  • (H35.81) Macular edema â€" distorted central vision, due to a swollen macula
  • (H35.9) Retinal disorder, unspecified

H36 Retinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

  • (H36.0)

H40-H42 Glaucoma

  • (H40-H42) Glaucoma â€" optic neuropathy
    • (H40.0) Glaucoma suspect â€" ocular hypertension
    • (H40.1) Primary open-angle glaucoma
    • (H40.2) Primary angle-closure glaucoma

H43-H45 Disorders of vitreous body and globe

  • (H43.9) Floaters â€" shadow-like shapes which appear singly or together with several others in the field of vision

H46-H48 Disorders of optic nerve and visual pathways

  • (H47.2) Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy â€" genetic disorder; loss of central vision
  • (H47.3) Optic disc drusen â€" globules progressively calcify in the optic disc, compressing the vasculature and optic nerve fibers

H49-H52 Disorders of ocular muscles, binocular movement, accommodation and refraction

  • (H49-H50) Strabismus (Crossed eye/Wandering eye/Walleye) â€" the eyes do not point in the same direction
    • (H49.3-4) Ophthalmoparesis â€" the partial or total paralysis of the eye muscles
    • (H49.4) Progressive external ophthaloplegia â€" weakness of the external eye muscles
    • (H50.0, H50.3) Esotropia â€" the tendency for eyes to become cross-eyed
    • (H50.1, H50.3) Exotropia â€" the tendency for eyes to look outward
  • H52 Disorders of refraction and accommodation
    • (H52.0) Hypermetropia (Farsightedness) â€" the inability to focus on near objects (and in extreme cases, any objects)
    • (H52.1) Myopia (Nearsightedness) â€" distant objects appear blurred
    • (H52.2) Astigmatism â€" the cornea or the lens of the eye is not perfectly spherical, resulting in different focal points in different planes
    • (H52.3) Anisometropia â€" the lenses of the two eyes have different focal lengths
    • (H52.4) Presbyopia â€" a condition that occurs with growing age and results in the inability to focus on close objects
    • (H52.5) Disorders of accommodation
      • Internal ophthalmoplegia

H53-H54.9 Visual disturbances and blindness

  • (H53.0) Amblyopia (lazy eye) â€" poor or blurry vision due to either no transmission or poor transmission of the visual image to the brain
  • (H53.0) Leber's congenital amaurosis â€" genetic disorder; appears at birth, characterised by sluggish or no pupillary responses
  • (H53.1, H53.4) Scotoma (blind spot) â€" an area impairment of vision surrounded by a field of relatively well-preserved vision. See also Anopsia.
  • (H53.5) Color blindness â€" the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish
    • (H53.5) Achromatopsia / Maskun â€" a low cone count or lack of function in cone cells
  • (H53.6) Nyctalopia (Nightblindness) â€" a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in the dark
  • (H54) Blindness â€" the brain does not receive optical information, through various causes
    • (H54/B73) River blindness â€" blindness caused by long-term infection by a parasitic worm (rare in western societies)
    • (H54.9) Micropthalmia/coloboma â€" a disconnection between the optic nerve and the brain and/or spinal cord

H55-H59 Other disorders of eye and adnexa

  • (H57.9) Red eye â€" conjunctiva appears red typically due to illness or injury
  • (H58.0) Argyll Robertson pupil â€" small, unequal, irregularly shaped pupils

Other codes

The following are not classified as diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59) by the World Health Organization:

  • (B36.1) Keratomycosis â€" fungal infection of the cornea
  • (E50.6-E50.7) Xerophthalmia â€" dry eyes, caused by vitamin A deficiency
  • (Q13.1) Aniridia â€" a rare congenital eye condition leading to underdevelopment or even absence of the iris of the eye


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