Movement disorder

Movement disorders include: (There are 25 disorders and 18 sub-disorders in this page.)

  • Akathisia (inability to sit still)
  • Akinesia (lack of movement)
  • Associated Movements (Mirror Movements or Homolateral Synkinesis)
  • Athetosis (contorted torsion or twisting)
  • Ataxia (gross lack of coordination of muscle movements)
  • Ballismus (violent involuntary rapid and irregular movements)
    • Hemiballismus (affecting only one side of the body)
  • Bradykinesia (slow movement)
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Chorea (rapid, involuntary movement)
    • Sydenham's chorea
    • Rheumatic chorea
    • Huntington's disease
  • Dyskinesia (abnormal, involuntary movement)
    • Tardive dyskinesia
  • Dystonia (sustained torsion)
    • Dystonia muscularum
    • Blepharospasm
    • Writer's cramp
    • Spasmodic torticollis (twisting of head and neck)
    • Dopamine-responsive dystonia (hereditary progressive dystonia with diurnal fluctuation or Segawa's disease)
  • Essential tremor
  • Geniospasm (episodic involuntary up and down movements of the chin and lower lip)
  • Myoclonus (brief, involuntary twitching of a muscle or a group of muscles)
  • Metabolic General Unwellness Movement Syndrome (MGUMS)
  • Mirror movement disorder (involuntary movements on one side of the body mirroring voluntary movements of the other side)
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia
  • Restless Legs Syndrome RLS (WittMaack-Ekboms disease)
  • Spasms (contractions)
  • Stereotypic movement disorder
  • Stereotypy (repetition)
  • Tic disorders (involuntary, compulsive, repetitive, stereotyped)
    • Tourette's syndrome
  • Tremor (oscillations)
    • Rest tremor (4-8 Hz)
    • Postural tremor
    • Kinetic tremor
    • Essential tremor (6-8 Hz variable amplitude)
    • Cerebellar tremor (6-8 Hz variable amplitude)
    • Parkinsonian tremors (4-8 Hz variable amplitude)
    • Physiological tremor (10-12 Hz low amplitude)
  • Wilson's disease


Treatment depends upon the underlying disorder. Movement disorders have been known to be associated with a variety of autoimmune diseases.



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